Tag Archives: Paralysis

SCI Health Series: Bone Health

After a spinal cord injury, a lot of health concerns must be looked at, but the bones are often overlooked, and this is not good since a fracture can take months to heal, putting your life on hold.

One of the biggest things to remember is that you are at a higher risk of bone loss after a SCI. Doctors still aren’t exactly sure why this is, but it most likely has to do with spinal cord dysfunction. And with bone loss comes Osteopenia, or its more severe “sibling,” Osteoporosis. We all know that this perky condition can lead to a higher risk of fractures.

Doctors do know one thing however – over 80% of people with chronic spinal cord injuries have Osteopenia, and it has been proven to begin as early as eight weeks post injury. There are however interventions you can utilize to prevent this. One of the easiest is nutrition. Increasing Vitamin D and iron in your food (greens, liver, red meat) can help your body absorb more sunlight, which helps increase bone strength.

Weight-bearing exercises are another great way to prevent bone loss, but thus can be tricky with a SCI. If you’re able to use a standing frame, this is a super easy way to do weight bearing. Otherwise, a new method is a vibration machine. Standing exercises, if you’re able to stand with an assistant, is another great way to get weight bearing into your life. E-stim can help prevent bone loss as well.

When bone loss occurs, people with spinal cord injuries tend to get fractures in their hips and legs. Unfortunately, these fractures that take the longest to heal because they’re in some of the biggest bones in the body. You can also take calcium supplements to strengthen these bones, but no more than 1000 mg a day. Some people with spinal cord injuries are also at a higher risk of having too little calcium in their blood, which also known as Hypocalcemia. Doctors will prescribe Phosomax for this condition.

To monitor bone loss, it’s recommended that people with spinal cord injuries have a Dexa scan each year, which shows the bone density of all the bones in the body. Additionally, doctors will also prescribe Vitamin D to prevent both Osteopenia and Hypocalcemia.

One last condition that people spinal cord injuries must be aware of is Heterotopic Ossification. This is a where the body will suddenly create a bony mass in soft tissue in the body, typically in the joints. It’s not life threatening, but it can greatly decrease range of motion and be painful. Surgery can sometimes remove HO and they’ll also prescribe radiation to stop it in severe cases. In most cases however, people leave the mass alone.

Remember, above all else you can win the battle against bone loss after a post-injury. The secret is staying on top of your bone health through doctor visits, eating right and getting plenty of Vitamin D.

What bone health regimen do you follow?

Learn more

Osteoporosis and Spinal Cord Injury

Bone Loss and Muscle Atrophy in Spinal Cord Injury

Paralysis & bone health

Bone-Health Videos

Bone Health following SCI

Osteoporosis and Fractures in Persons with SCI: What, Why, and How to Manage

Causes of Osteoporosis and Bone Fractures After Spinal Cord Injury

Photo courtesy of Flickr

The AHCA and Paralysis


We are pleased to publish this guest post on our SPINALpedia blog by the Outreach Team at Disability Benefits Help.

On May 4th, the American Health Care Act, or AHCA passed in the House of Representatives. This new healthcare bill is the first attempt at repealing the Affordable Care Act. The AHCA has some sections that are concerning for people with paralysis or another spinal cord injury. Here are some ways the AHCA might affect you and your family if the bill does pass as-is:

1. You might have higher premiums

While the AHCA assures us that everyone will have access to health care, the MacArthur amendment does allow states to file for a waiver that exempts it from some components of the Affordable Care Act. With a waiver, insurance companies in some states could charge people with pre existing conditions significantly more than healthier young adults.

So how much would paralysis cost? It’s hard to know exactly how much your premium could rise, but paralysis would without a doubt be considered a preexisting condition. The amount your insurance might rise would depend on your age and the state where you live, but this interactive map can give you some kind of idea how much you might be affected before paralysis is factored into the equation. Some people see the cost of health insurance rise by $40,000.

What’s more detrimental for people with paralysis or another catastrophic spinal cord injury is the MacArthur amendment allows insurers to put lifetime caps on those with preexisting conditions or disabilities. A catastrophic injury like paralysis can cost over $5,000,000 over someone’s lifetime. A lifetime cap would leave millions of people with paralysis without insurance.

2. Funding would be allotted for people with catastrophic injuries, but the AHCA has not given enough.

The AHCA includes high-risk pools for people with disabilities who are denied insurance, such as those with a spinal cord injury. The AHCA set aside $130 billion over the next decade to help fund these pools and get everyone insurance, but this plan would only work if a handful of small states file for the MacArthur waivers.

Some experts believe $130 billion is not nearly enough funding. Conservative estimates guess that the pools will need $25 billion per year to cover everyone in need. This means the pools need an additional $100 billion to work as planned.

3. If you or someone you love is in an assisted living center, you may lose insurance.

One of the biggest changes the AHCA looks to make is cutting funding to Medicaid. Many people with paralysis live in an assisted living center, which can cost over $100,000 per year out of pocket. Medicaid supports millions of people with disabilities and makes specialized care possible. Up to 60% of people in assisted living centers and nursing homes are enrolled on Medicaid.

Currently, Medicaid is an entitlement program. This means states receive funding as needed for people who qualify. As the AHCA stands now, Medicaid would become a grant program. This would again potentially impose lifetime caps, which is simply not an option for someone with a catastrophic spinal cord injury due to the enormous costs of health care.

What can we do?

The most important thing to keep in mind is that the AHCA is not law yet. In fact, the Senate has expressed that it wishes to rework the health care bill to make it better for all Americans.

You can call your local Senators to tell them to vote NO on the AHCA. Find the contact information for your local Senators here and call them directly.

The AHCA is completely unacceptable for millions of Americans, but we can fight to make health care accessible for everyone.

This article was written by the Outreach Team at Disability Benefits Help. They provide information about disability benefits and the application process. To learn more, please visit their website at http://www.disability-benefits-help.org or by contacting them at help@ssd-help.org.